Arabic root F-S-L

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Published on: décembre 26, 2016

Quick View on the root FSL

  • Fasal (verb form I) to separate and from that come the meaning of determining, judging, classify
  • Fassal (verb Form II) intensive form of fasl to clarify, detail.


Even in English, the word detail come from :

French détail, from Old French detail, from detaillier, from de- + taillier(to cut ) .

in the same way as french gave tailleur (tailor), Arabic used  مُفَصِّل

From a bi-lateral root side, the combinaison of F+S may indicate the same meaning which is of separation, parts


Examples :

Used in the Quran : يوم الفصل

  • Day of Judgement, Decision, Sorting
  • The day of Verdict
In the modern Arabic
The word fasl is used in the meaning of class like at schools; because people are separated, and classified into grouped. Exactly like the English word division, part.


لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ۗ مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَىٰ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

There was certainly in their stories a lesson for those of understanding. Never was the Qur’an a narration invented, but a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of all things and guidance and mercy for a people who believe. [Sahih International]
فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الطُّوفَانَ وَالْجَرَادَ وَالْقُمَّلَ وَالضَّفَادِعَ وَالدَّمَ آيَاتٍ مُّفَصَّلَاتٍ فَاسْتَكْبَرُوا وَكَانُوا قَوْمًا مُّجْرِمِينَ
So We sent (plagues) on them: Wholesale death, Locusts, Lice, Frogs, And Blood: Signs openly self-explained: but they were steeped in arrogance,- a people given to sin. [Yusuf Ali]


In the sunnah mafsil مَفْصِل on the pattern of مَفْعِل
I think it’s a originally a pattern of place : meaning there were things are separated. and it’s the articulation joints between bone. (mifsal is another word for the joint).


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